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Deepest cave in Uzbekistan - Peshagar
Molguzar mountain ridge in the south of Jizzakh region hides from the view one
of the most mysterious and beautiful places in Uzbekistan — the Valley of Five
Caves, Beshpeshagor. Impressive massifs of granite rock resembling monolithic
walls, scrobiculated by the hundreds of deep cracks revealing the entries into
The largest of the caves has a visible entrance in the form of a semi-dome. The
size of the first of its chambers will impress you — almost 250 meters long and
around 10 meters wide. The scientists have not yet identified where it ends. In
the cave of Peshagor, the expedition of Uzbek scientists found the traces of
ancient culture — pieces of broken rockery, household goods, bones, rock
engravings and paintings. Besides, all the walls and the dome of the gigantic
nail are covered with thick layer of soot. According to the archaeologist Sattor
Karabaev, the cave could serve as an underground temple to fire-worshippers.
It could happen that this is the temple described in the Chinese chronicles of
Tan-shu of the 6th century. Scientists do not hurry with the conclusions about
the attribution of the cave Peshagor to the religion of zoroastrism.
The Valley of Five Caves can reveal many more new impressive discoveries. The
recent archaeological dig of underground temples in the tract of Jomonjar
located on the other side of the mountain range, and near the sacred place of
Chukmazar Ota resulted in discoveries which may reveal the presence of Buddhism
and a branch of Christianity at some point in the history here.